The course examines the Russian revolutionary movement from Populism to the rise of Marxism-Leninism and the conquest of Bolshevik power in 1917. It considers the leaders and policies through the civil war, wartime communism, the New Economic Policy, the collectivization of agriculture, and the five-year plans of industrial development. Foreign policy issues focus on the shifting parameters of "socialism in one country" and the Second World War. Post-World War II coverage includes the rise of Nikita Khrushchev and Soviet economic and political policies as a bi-polar "super-power" in its confrontation with the United States. The Soviet confrontation with the United States during the height of the Cold War will be closely examined. This course leads to Part Two: Brezhnev through Putin covered in the FALL 2017 session. Lecture (with questions).