Ivan IV (1530 - 1584), a.k.a. the Terrible, was the first Russian Tsar. During his reign Russia emerged from a medieval state to become a multi-ethnic empire and an emerging regional power. Russian territory doubled to 2.1 million square miles. European trade started during his reign. Ivan IV has been described as an able diplomat, a patron of arts and trade, and the founder of the first printing press in Russia. He is also known for his cruelty and mental instability. This course will examine the complexity of Ivan the Terrible and his times. Lecture (plus questions).