2415 - Muslim Philosophers' Influence on Western Thought
Cultural relations between the Muslims and Christian Europe were established first via Spain and then by way of Sicily and the Kingdom of Naples. Translation of Arabic works into Latin, especially in twelfth century Toledo, where Muslims coexisted peacefully with Jews and Christians, created an interest in the works of Islamic philosophers. Among these translations were Arabic versions of Aristotle's works as well as original works by Kindi, Farabi, Ibn-Sina, and Ibn-Rushd. Christian theologians and philosophers like Thomas Aquinas, Albertus Magnus, Henry of Ghent, Duns Scotus, and others used the translated works of Muslim philosophers and borrowed concepts and arguments from them, sometimes building their own thoughts upon these concepts, sometimes strongly opposing and building arguments to refute them. In this course, we will review the development of Islamic philosophy, its Aristotelian, Platonic, and Neoplatonic origins, and its influence on European thought from the twelfth century through the Renaissance. Lecture (plus Questions) Viewing Videos
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