All of us have opinions about what kinds of actions are just and what kinds are unjust, but it can be challenging to say what those opinions are grounded in. This course will explore what philosophers through the ages have written about justice. We will begin with the two most prominent contemporary philosophers on the topic, Robert Nozick (whom most conservatives like) and John Rawls (hero to many liberals). Then we will dip back into history to see how our current ideas evolved. We'll read some ancient accounts (from Plato and Aristotle) and several from modern times (from Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, David Hume, Immanuel Kant, John Stuart Mill, and Karl Marx). This will be largely a discussion course, so sign up if you like challenging reading and scintillating conversation. | Facilitated discussion; Zoom breakouts.