2521 - Conflicting Theologians and Philosophers - Antiquity to Present
The well-known case of Athens vs Socrates, was not the first recorded case of religious persecution of antiquity, nor was it the last. The conflict between religion and philosophy continued through the ages to modern times. Some theologians were philosophers who understood and tolerated natural philosophy; others did not. Some philosophers tried to reconcile reason with revelation, looking for common ground. Other philosophers could not tolerate concepts that ran counter to observation and reason. But overall, philosophers and theologians have had a rather difficult coexistence throughout history. Whenever political power sided with organized religion, the results were more oppressive. In this short course, we are going to study cases of conflict between religion and philosophy from Diagoras to Bertrand Russell. The examples will include Pagan, Christian, Muslim, and Jewish philosophers as well as agnostics and atheists. Lecture (plus Questions) Viewing Videos
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